MBTI: Myers Briggs Type Indicator History
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is a self-report instrument that helps to identify an individual's strengths and personality preferences. The mother/daughter team of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers developed the MBTI®. They based their lifelong work on Carl Jung's theories about psychological type preferences. Jung's book Psychological Types published in 1921, studied ancient and modern cultures. The premise of his work was to discover how normal human beings take in information and how they make decisions. He also studied two core mental functions relating to how people get and expend their energy.
After reading Jung's work, Myers and Briggs devoted themselves to bringing the everyday applications of this work to the general public. Myers developed the pen & pencil test in the 1940's. They tested it on friends and family during WWII hoping to resolve conflicts and help match people to appropriate work. It took over 20 years to fully develop the instrument.
Myers and Briggs added a forth dimension to Jung's scheme focusing on how people deal with the outer world. They determined that each person has an external orientation towards orderliness and decisiveness (judgment) or towards new information and going with the flow (perception).
MBTI is one of the most widely used personality instruments in the world.
Its ease of use, high statistical validity and reliability make it one the most respected personality instruments that exist. The test/retest measurement is very accurate, in 75% of cases, individuals will test the same in 3 of the 4 dimensions. Over 600 dissertations have been written on the MBTI and there are well over 1,000 articles and dozens of books. An average of 2 million people in the United States takes the MBTI each year and it has been translated into more than 30 languages.
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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator - MBTI are registered trademarks of Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.